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California firms cultivate cannabis investors at Vancouver forum - Vancouver Sun

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 17:12

Vancouver Sun

California firms cultivate cannabis investors at Vancouver forum
Vancouver Sun
Canada and California have reached an interesting confluence of money and knowhow on the road to legalizing cannabis, stateside pot entrepreneur Steve DeAngelo argues. “I call it the powerhouse combination,” said DeAngelo, winding up his sales pitch ...
Between lightning-fast pitches to investors, cannabis proponents lament and welcome the changing face of potToronto Star

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What's the holdup with awarding medical marijuana licenses in Michigan? - Detroit Free Press

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 16:37

Detroit Free Press

What's the holdup with awarding medical marijuana licenses in Michigan?
Detroit Free Press
There are 283,832 medical marijuana card holders in Michigan as of Tuesday and 43,087 registered caregivers, who can grow up to a total of 72 plants for five patients. “Everybody is concerned. What are patients going to do on June 15?” said Barton ...

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Senators recommend delaying cannabis bill for a year to address ... - CBC.ca

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 15:36

CBC.ca

Senators recommend delaying cannabis bill for a year to address ...
CBC.ca
Members of the Senate's Aboriginal peoples committee are recommending the Liberal government hold back on legalizing cannabis for at least a year in order to address its potential for harmful effects in Indigenous communities.
Marijuana legalization should be put off until First Nations tax sharing worked out: Senate committeeToronto Star
Senate Aboriginal Peoples committee calls for delaying cannabis legalizationiPolitics.ca

all 4 news articles »
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Pregnant women asked to avoid cannabis in face of poor research - CBC.ca

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 15:33

CBC.ca

Pregnant women asked to avoid cannabis in face of poor research
CBC.ca
"We just don't have the evidence that cannabis use is not going to make that worse." The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists issued a warning this month to people of child-bearing age, or who are pregnant or breastfeeding. It said most people ...

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Cities continue to face uncertainty around cannabis revenue sharing - Edmonton Journal

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 14:46

Edmonton Journal

Cities continue to face uncertainty around cannabis revenue sharing
Edmonton Journal
Edmonton city council is antsy to reach an agreement with the province on how cannabis revenue will be filtered into municipalities. “I'd like resolution on this question of cannabis revenue sharing … before the city does its next four-year budget ...

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The Feds Can Indict Marijuana Users for Buying Guns Even in States Where Pot Is Legalized

Alternet - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 13:25
Just one way using even legal marijuana makes you a second-class citizen.

Less than a month ago, AlterNet published "4 Ways Using Even Legal Marijuana Makes You a Second-Class Citizen," which enumerated some of the reasons marijuana legalization by itself is not sufficient to guarantee the rights of pot smokers. One of those reasons was the inability of marijuana users to own or purchase guns.

Under federal law, enforced by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms (ATF), all gun purchasers must fill out Form 4473, which asks: "Are you an unlawful user of, or addicted to, marijuana or any depressant, stimulant, narcotic drug, or any other controlled substance?" the form asks.

Last year, and just to make sure stoners got the message, ATF has added the following language: "Warning: The use or possession of marijuana remains unlawful under Federal law regardless of whether it has been legalized or decriminalized for medicinal or recreational purposes in the state where you reside."

The article noted that pot smokers who want to legally purchase a weapon would have to lie on Form 4473, but that they were unlikely to be caught and prosecuted.

That has changed. The U.S. attorney in Maine has now indicted two men on federal firearms charges for allegedly lying about their marijuana use on the gun purchase form.

Donald Henderson, 33, of Winthrop, was indicted for alleged false statements while buying a pistol from a local gun shop in February 2017 and again while purchasing another pistol the following month. The indictment alleges he checked the box saying he was not a marijuana user when he in fact was.

And Richard Quattrone, 48, of Augusta, was also indicted for lying on a federal firearms license in March 2017. The indictment says he purchased a pistol from the same local gun shop as Henderson and checked the box saying he was not a user of marijuana or controlled substances when he was in fact "an unlawful user of marijuana."

The federal prosecutors in Maine are on firm legal ground—the law is quite clear—but the question now becomes whether a political backlash can rein them in. That's what happened when law enforcement officials in some states tried to order registered medical marijuana patients to turn in their guns. In Pennsylvania, the state Health Department is no longer providing the names of patients to law enforcement after newspapers there reported the patients would not be able to buy firearms; in Illinois, regulators removed a rule that would have barred legal gun owners from becoming patients; and in Hawaii, police had to walk back a plan to force patients to hand in their guns.

The Jeff Sessions Justice Department, where ATF resides, is unlikely to be as swayed by angry public opinion as state officials in legal marijuana states, and that suggests that people who use marijuana need to really think twice before filling out that Form 4473. If they tell the truth, they will be barred from purchasing a gun; if they lie, they could be charged with a federal criminal offense and sent to prison.

If you're a pot smoker and really, really want to buy a gun, you may want to stick to gun shows and private purchases, but you are still potentially liable for federal prosecution if you get caught with it and the local U.S. attorney wants to score a coup.

This is one more reason marijuana legalization is only half the battle.

 

 

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Marijuana Gives Health-Conscious Consumers Something Alcohol Cannot - Forbes

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 10:58

Forbes

Marijuana Gives Health-Conscious Consumers Something Alcohol Cannot
Forbes
The U.S. alcohol trade hasn't had any real competition for more than eight decades, which has given it a clear path to become the mega $223 billion industry that it is today. But now that marijuana is legal in more parts of the country, booze slingers ...

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Olds College teams up with pot producer to offer cannabis courses - Calgary Herald

Google - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 10:22

Calgary Herald

Olds College teams up with pot producer to offer cannabis courses
Calgary Herald
The college is also developing a second continuing education class, to be offered in the fall, focusing on the retail side of the cannabis industry. Debbie Thompson, a vice-president and chief innovation officer at Olds College, said the school has a ...

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The Deadliest Drug in America At the Heart of Trump's VA Nominee Scandal

Alternet - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 02:18
For the first time in a while, pundits and politicians were talking about the drug that kills more people than any other each year in the U.S.

I’m talking about alcohol, which upstaged opioid abuse in news coverage recently, but only after Rear Adm. Ronny L. Jackson withdrew his name for consideration to head Veterans Affairs, in part because of allegations that he has abused alcohol. Jackson has denied any problem with alcohol.

This provides an opportune time to discuss the seriousness of alcohol abuse.

Alcohol contributes to 88,000 deaths in the U.S. each year, more than double the number of people, 42,000, killed by heroin and opioid prescription drug overdose in 2016. Excessive drinking accounted for one in 10 deaths among working-age adults.

In addition, more than 66.7 million Americans reported binge drinking in the past month in 2015, according to a report by the surgeon general.

As someone who has studied alcohol use disorder for over 15 years and who has treated thousands of patients who have it, I think it’s a major, yet often poorly understood, public health problem.

A social lubricant

Alcohol can be a quick and easy way to get into the spirit of a celebration. And it feels good. After two glasses of wine, the brain is activated through complex neurobiochemical processes that naturally release dopamine, a neurotransmitter of great importance.

When the dopamine molecule locks on to its receptor located on the surface of a neuron, or basic brain cell, a “buzz” occurs. It is often desirably anticipated before the second glass is empty.There are those, however, who drink right past the buzz into intoxication and, often, into trouble. For them, the brain starts releasing the same enjoyable dopamine, no different than what happens in the casual drinker’s, but it doesn’t stop there. A compulsion to binge drink can result.

Binge drinking, defined as drinking five or more drinks for men and four for women on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days, is a medical condition that victimizes the comparative malfunction of the pleasure circuits in the brain.

The three stages of addiction

The alcohol addiction process involves a three-stage cycle: binge-intoxication, withdrawal-negative affect, and preoccupation-anticipation.

It begins in the neurons, the basic type of brain cell. The brain has an estimated 86 billion of these cells, which communicate through chemical messengers called neurotransmitters.

Neurons can organize in clusters and form networks in order to perform specific functions such as thinking, learning, emotions and memory. The addiction cycle disrupts the normal function of some of these networks in three areas of the brain – the basal ganglia, the extended amygdala and the prefrontal cortex.

The disruptions do several things that contribute to continued drinking. They enable drinking-associated triggers, or cues, which lead to seeking alcohol. They also reduce the sensitivity of the brain systems, causing a diminished experience of pleasure or reward, and heighten activation of brain stress systems. Last, they reduce function of brain executive control systems, the part of the brain that typically helps make decisions and regulate one’s actions, emotions and impulses.

These networks are critical for human survival. Unfortunately for the binge drinker, they become “hijacked,” and the bingeing continues even after the harmful effects have begun.

Because binge drinkers’ brains feel intense pleasure from alcohol, there is a powerful motivation to binge drink again and again. What may begin as social binge drinking at parties for recreation can cause progressive neuro-adaptive changes in brain structure and function. The brain is no longer well enough to function normally. Continued partying can transition into a chronic and uncontrollable daily pattern of alcohol use. These maladaptive neurological changes can persist long after the alcohol use stops.

Your brain on alcohol

During the binge-intoxication stage, the basal ganglia rewards the drinker with pleasurable effects, releasing dopamine, the neurotransmitter responsible for the rewarding effects of alcohol and creating the desire for more.

With continued bingeing, the “habit circuity” is repeatedly activated in another part of the basal ganglia called the dorsal striatum. It contributes to the compulsive seeking of more alcohol. This explains the craving that is triggered when a binge drinker is driving by a favorite bar and can’t resist pulling in, even after a promise to go directly home after work.

During the withdrawal-negative affect stage, there is a break from drinking. Because the reward circuit has a diminished ability to deliver a dopamine reward, there is far less pleasure with natural, safe experiences such as food and sex, compared to alcohol.

During abstinence from alcohol, stress neurotransmitters such as corticotropin-releasing factor and dynorphin are released. These powerful neurochemicals cause negative emotional states associated with alcohol withdrawal. This drives the drinker back to alcohol to gain relief and attempt to reestablish the rewards of intoxication.

After a period of abstinence from alcohol, which may last only hours, the drinker enters the preoccupation-anticipation stage. This involves the prefrontal cortex, where executive decisions are made about whether or not to override the strong urges to drink. This part of the brain functions with a “go system” and “stop system.”

When the go circuits stimulate the habit-response system of the dorsal striatum, the drinker becomes impulsive and seeks a drink, perhaps even subconsciously. The stop system can inhibit the activity of the go system and is important especially in preventing relapse.

Brain imaging studies show that binge drinking can disrupt the function in both the go and stop circuits. This interferes with proper decision-making and behavioral inhibition. The drinker is both impulsive and compulsive.

An illness that can be treated

Scientific evidence shows that this disorder can be treated.

The FDA has approved three medications for treatment that should be offered whenever appropriate. There is well-supported scientific evidence that behavioral therapies can be effective treatment. This includes recovery support services, such as Alcoholics Anonymous.

Most importantly, it is important to know that alcohol use disorder is a brain disorder causing a chronic illness. It is no different from diabetes, asthma or hypertension. When comprehensive, continuing care is provided, the recovery results improve, and the binge drinker has the hope of remaining sober as long as lifelong treatment and maintenance of sobriety become a dedicated lifestyle choice.

Jamie Smolen, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Florida

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

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FL: Is "Belle" director Amma Asante in the running to direct Marvel's "Black Widow"? - The Sky 973

Drug News Bot - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:58
thesky973.com Is "Belle" director Amma Asante in the running to direct Marvel's "Black Widow"? ! The Sky 973 Is "Belle" director Amma Asante in the running to direct Marvel's "Black Widow"? (Tue May 01 19:58:34 2018 PDT) [$drug_related(50%), $drugwar_propaganda(75%), $propaganda_theme5(60%), $propaganda_theme6(75%), $reform_referenda(50%), $amma_2012(50%), $youth(60%)]
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OH: Officials find flaw with medical marijuana grower scoring - Wilmington News Journal

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:43
wnewsj.com (US) Officials find flaw with medical marijuana grower scoring - Wilmington News Journal Officials find flaw with medical marijuana grower scoring COLUMBUS (... (Tue May 01 18:43:05 2018 PDT)
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OH: 3 arrested in narcotics search warrant - Troy Daily News

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:40
tdn-net.com (US) The search warrant was the culmination of a narcotics investigation initiated by sheriff&#8217. (Tue May 01 18:40:40 2018 PDT)
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OH: Fletcher man accused of cultivating marijuana - Troy Daily News

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:40
tdn-net.com (US) A Fletcher man accused of growing marijuana was arraigned on cultivation and weapons charges on Monday. (Tue May 01 18:40:40 2018 PDT)
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OH: Troopers seize 100 pounds of marijuana in Lucas County - Sunbury News

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:38
sunburynews.com (US) Was incarcerated in the Lucas County Jail and charged with possession and trafficking in marijuana. (Tue May 01 18:38:10 2018 PDT)
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FL: Man chased by police on foot, arrested on multiple drug charges - MYPANHANDLE

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:30
mypanhandle.com (US) Fla. - A reckless driver in Walton County is pursued by officers on foot then arrested on multiple drug charges. (Tue May 01 19:30:47 2018 PDT)
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FL: Bay Co. Officials Describe Medical Marijuana Dispensary Inquiries "Crickets" - MYPANHANDLE

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:30
mypanhandle.com (US) RaquelB Skidmore of giving a patient a medical marijuana recommendation in 2016 before she was licensed to do so. (Tue May 01 19:30:47 2018 PDT)
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FL: HCSO: Bonifay Residents Charged in Felony Drug Case - MYPANHANDLE

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:30
mypanhandle.com (US) Fla. - Three Bonifay residents were arrested on felony drug charges Monday. (Tue May 01 19:30:47 2018 PDT)
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OH: Ohio officials find flaw with medical marijuana grower scoring

Bot - Cannabis - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:30
news-herald.com (US) Ohio officials find flaw with medical marijuana grower scoring Ohio officials find flaw ... (Tue May 01 18:30:55 2018 PDT)
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FL: Man chased by police on foot, arrested on multiple drug charges - MYPANHANDLE

Drug News Bot - Tue, 05/01/2018 - 01:30
mypanhandle.com (US) Fla. - A reckless driver in Walton County is pursued by officers on foot then arrested on multiple drug charges. (Tue May 01 19:30:47 2018 PDT) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(100%), $propaganda_theme3(50%), $use_is_abuse(100%), $propaganda_theme4(100%), $propaganda_theme5(60%), $propaganda_theme8(50%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $drugs(90%), $compassion_club(100%), $secret_evidence(50%), $chemicals(100%), $plants(100%), $euphoric_depressant(100%), $euphoric_stimulant(100%), $analgesic(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $opioid(100%), $stimulant(100%), $medical_cannabis(100%), $narcotic(100%), $opiate(100%), $cocaine(100%), $heroin(100%), $cannabis(100%), $various_drugs(90%), $various_illegal_drugs(100%), $youth(60%), $school(100%), $aggrandizement(100%), $msm(50%), $mockingbird(50%), $assoc_press(50%)]
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