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The Drug Test-Free Workplace: 7 Occupations That Don't Require You to Pee in a Bottle to Get Hired

Alternet - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 13:43
Click here for reuse options! If you're not interested in pre-employment drug testing, go here.

Widespread workplace drug testing—a uniquely American phenomenon—has generated controversy ever since Ronald Reagan pushed hard for it back in the 1980s. On the one hand, opponents see it as an invasion of workers' privacy protections; on the other, advocates believe it is the best means of preventing injuries that might occur when a worker is intoxicated.

Although workplace drug testing was rare prior to Reagan, 56% of all employers now require pre-employment drug tests, according to Statistic Brain. Some of this is mandated by law: Truck drivers, airline pilots and some other public transport positions face federal drug-testing requirements. But much pre-employment drug testing and random, suspicionless drug testing is not required by law; it is instead the employers' choice.

High levels of drug testing are to be found in industries such as health care, heavy manufacturing and construction, where being impaired on the job can lead to loss of life or limb or endanger the health and well-being of others. But drug testing is also popular in industries with no such apparent risk, such as retail. Whether that guy at the camera counter at Walmart smoked a joint over the weekend probably has no discernible impact on public safety.

Speaking of smoking joints, marijuana is by far the most commonly used illicit drug (though it's now legal in nine states). Positive workplace drug tests for marijuana are on the rise, reflecting broader popular acceptance of the drug, which is also leading some companies to quit testing for pot. In a low unemployment economy, employers may be increasingly reluctant to lose potential workers over a positive test for marijuana.

And some potential workers are reluctant to seek employment at places that are going to subject them to drug testing. Fortunately for them, there are some economic sectors where facing a pre-employment or random at-work drug test is not a real risk—in fact, it's a rarity. But most of these jobs require a university degree. Like so many things in America, drug testing is a class thing.

That said, if you want to work in a field where you don't have to worry about peeing in a bottle to get or keep a job, here, thanks to Insider Monkey, are some options.

1. Management Positions

These relatively well-paying professional gigs tend to have drug testing levels approaching absolute zero. On the high end, if you can call it that, were general managers (1.8%) and project managers (1.6%), but office managers, business managers, and retail managers all came in under 1%, with event managers besting them all at a minuscule 0.01%. Average pay for these positions ranged from the mid-40s for retail and office managers to more than $70,000 for project managers. Ironically, the administrative assistant position, which can be an excellent entry-level job for people seeking careers as managers, is more likely to be subject to drug testing than any managerial position. Still, it's only 1.9% of administrative assistants.

2. Personal Services

You're not going to get rich in these jobs, but you're not likely to get drug tested, either. Because of the transient nature of jobs in these careers or because many people in these fields are self-employed, gig economy workers just don't get that drug test scrutiny. Cosmetologists, hairstylists and fitness trainers all face testing less than 1% of the time, while pet groomers and massage therapists come in under 3%. These jobs have median pay ranging from around $25,000 to $30,000.

3. Information Technology

These are the fields that are stereotypically the domain of the nerdy stoner. You wouldn't expect employers in the industry to turn down a budding genius because he gets high at home, and you would be right. Only 3% of web designers and IT consultants face the empty cup, and fewer than 3% of Java developers and front-end developers do. While not quite as drug testing-free as cosmetologists or pet groomers, IT workers make a lot more money. On the low end, web designers are pulling in a median $48,000, while pay is around $70,000 for the other positions listed.

4. Marketing

Those bright, shiny people trying to make us buy stuff are also largely exempt from drug testing, especially on the bottom rungs. Only 0.3% of marketing assistants are subject to pre-employment drug screens, and only 3.8% of marketing coordinators. The former positions average $36,000 a year, while the latter average $41,500.

5. Real Estate, Insurance and Financial Services

These white-collar jobs are all unlikely to see drug testing requirements. Fewer than 3% of loan processors and insurance agents face the prospect of peeing in a cup to win a job, while a minuscule 0.5% of real estate agents do. Real estate agents are also the highest paid in this group, averaging $47,000, while both loan processors and insurance agents come in at under $40,000.

6. Bartender

People whose job it is to mix and sell legal psychoactive substances are very unlikely to be tested for illegal ones. With only 3.2% of employers demanding pre-employment drug tests, bartenders are the least likely of restaurant and bar workers to be tested. Chefs face testing at a rate of 6.2%, while 4% of hostesses are likely to face it. The median salary for bartenders is $29,240.

7. Creative White Collar

Neither graphic designers nor copywriters are likely to face a pre-employment drug test. A big reason is that many of these are freelance gigs: No boss = no drug test. But even when working for employers, drug testing is unlikely in these fields. Copywriters came in at 3.2%, while graphic designers were at 3.9%.

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Is Marijuana Legalization Tied To An Increase In Pedestrian Deaths?

Alternet - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 11:27
States where the adult use of marijuana was legalized had an uptick in pedestrian traffic deaths last year, according to a new study.

More pedestrians were killed in traffic accidents in 2017 than in any year since 1990, and researchers believe that the legalization of marijuana for adult use may have something to do with the rise in fatalities. 

According to a study released this week by the Governors Highway Safety Association, states that legalized marijuana for adult use (or "recreational marijuana") saw a 16.4% increase in pedestrian traffic deaths in the first half of 2017, compared to 2016. All other states—those that did not legalize—saw a 5.8% decrease in pedestrian deaths. 

Although the connection was not causal, the correlation was enough to catch the attention of Richard Retting, a traffic safety engineer at Sam Schwartz Consulting and author of the study.

“We are not making a definitive, cause-and-effect link to marijuana,” Retting told The New York Times, calling the data “a marker for concern.”

He said that researchers will continue to monitor for links between traffic deaths and marijuana legalization. “It may be a canary in a coal mine, an early indicator to address,” Retting said. 

Researchers couldn’t say whether the data might indicate more marijuana use by drivers, pedestrians or both. 

Alaska, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and the District of Columbia all legalized marijuana between 2012 and 2016, the time period that the researchers looked at.

Maine and Alaska, which have small populations, had such few fatalities that it was hard to connect increases with marijuana legalization. Massachusetts was the only legal marijuana state that saw fewer deaths in 2017—though the difference was only by one. 

Other states, including Colorado, saw a more significant percentage increase, although the numbers remained relatively low. There, 37 people were killed in pedestrian accidents in the first half of 2017, an increase of 12% over the previous year. 

Jason Levine, executive director at the Center for Auto Safety, said that while the connection will be interesting to monitor, it is too soon to draw any conclusions about a possible link between marijuana legalization and pedestrian deaths. 

“I’d be cautious about drawing a direct link to any potential cause,” he said. “But it’s certainly worth trying to figure out why those numbers are what they are.”

Russ Rader, a spokesman for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, said that overall insurance claims are 3% higher in states that have legalized marijuana for adult use. 

While researchers will continue to monitor the connection between marijuana policy and pedestrian fatalities, they are also looking at rising smartphone use among drivers as another factor. 

 

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Where is cannabis legal, which countries have the harshest penalties for smoking weed and will it be legalised in ... - The Sun

Google - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 08:48

The Sun

Where is cannabis legal, which countries have the harshest penalties for smoking weed and will it be legalised in ...
The Sun
Even though the majority of nations have banned it, a significant number will not prosecute for the personal use of cannabis. In Australia, Puerto Rico, Poland, Czech Republic, Canada, Croatia and Macedonia it is legal for medicinal purposes in some ...

and more »
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Meet Canada's marijuana moguls - CBC.ca

Google - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 02:00

CBC.ca

Meet Canada's marijuana moguls
CBC.ca
As thousands of entrepreneurs scramble to make a buck off legalized marijuana, six CEOs leading Canada's largest cannabis companies have already put their plans for global domination into action. Among them are two American venture capitalists who ...
They used to get free or low-cost marijuana to help with their cancer. Not anymoreSacramento Bee

all 10 news articles »
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OR: KLDR - Local News

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:44
kldr.com (US) Wilson said passage of the bill was a win for the Industrial Hemp sector. (Mon Mar 05 21:44:48 2018 PST)
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OR: kgw.com - Oregon Legislature approves hemp expansion

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:40
kgw.com (US) Hemp is bred to produce fiber which is used to manufacture paper. (Mon Mar 05 21:40:07 2018 PST)
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"HA%ll koll pA% vad era barn koper pA% nA$tet!"

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:36
drugnews.nu (Europe) Cannabis omstritt lC$kemedel Cannabis Cannabis medicin? Cannabis Cannabis omstritt lC$kemedel De psykoaktiva drogerna C$r ofta 50 gC%nger sC% starka som heroin. C kad tillgC$nglighet till Naloxon fC6r att hC$va livsfarliga C6verdoser av ... (Mon Mar 05 23:36:07 2018 PST)
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"HA%ll koll pA% vad era barn koper pA% nA$tet!"

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:36
drugnews.nu (Europe) Cannabis omstritt lC$kemedel Cannabis Cannabis medicin? Cannabis Cannabis omstritt lC$kemedel De psykoaktiva drogerna C$r ofta 50 gC%nger sC% starka som heroin. C kad tillgC$nglighet till Naloxon fC6r att hC$va livsfarliga C6verdoser av ... (Mon Mar 05 23:36:07 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(100%), $propaganda_theme1(90%), $propaganda_theme2(60%), $propaganda_theme5(70%), $propaganda_theme6(60%), $propaganda_theme7(100%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $drugs(95%), $prohibitionist(80%), $legalization(100%), $chemicals(100%), $plants(100%), $pharms(100%), $euphoric_depressant(100%), $analgesic(100%), $anesthetic(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $opioid(100%), $narcotic(100%), $opiate(100%), $heroin(100%), $cannabis(100%), $fentanyl(100%), $various_drugs(95%), $youth(70%)]
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OR: Martin Cizmar - Willamette Week

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:31
wweek.com (US) The Potlander 2017 Portland Sportswriters Once Shamed Black Athletes for Smoking Pot. Portland Sportswriters Once Shamed Black Athletes... (Mon Mar 05 22:31:54 2018 PST)
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OR: Martin Cizmar - Willamette Week

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:31
wweek.com (US) The Potlander 2017 Portland Sportswriters Once Shamed Black Athletes for Smoking Pot. Portland Sportswriters Once Shamed Black Athletes... (Mon Mar 05 22:31:54 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(60%), $propaganda_theme3(50%), $propaganda_theme6(60%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $chemicals(50%), $plants(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $depressant_intoxicant(50%), $alcohol(50%), $cannabis(100%)]
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OR: Many Pot Shops Across Oregon Fail to Stop Sales to Minors - Salem-News.Com

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:26
salem-news.com (US) "One of the basic tenets of Measure 91 is the protection of children by discouraging their use of marijuana. (Mon Mar 05 22:26:06 2018 PST)
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OR: Salem Progressive Film Series presentsThe Divide. What Happens When the Rich Get Richer - Salem-News.Com

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:26
salem-news.com (US) Cannabis News 19th Annual Global Cannabis March/Oregon Cannabis Festival 19th Annual Global Cannabis March/Oregon Cannabis Festival (Mon Mar 05 22:26:06 2018 PST)
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OR: Many Pot Shops Across Oregon Fail to Stop Sales to Minors - Salem-News.Com

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:26
salem-news.com (US) "One of the basic tenets of Measure 91 is the protection of children by discouraging their use of marijuana. (Mon Mar 05 22:26:06 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(98%), $propaganda_theme3(75%), $propaganda_theme5(80%), $propaganda_theme7(98%), $moral_imperative(100%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $drug_ngo(75%), $reform_referenda(80%), $or_measure_91_2014(80%), $prohibitionist_ngo(75%), $chemicals(75%), $plants(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $depressant_intoxicant(75%), $alcohol(75%), $cannabis(100%), $cannabis_festival(100%), $cannabis_industry(85%), $incarceration(70%), $youth(80%)]
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OR: Salem Progressive Film Series presentsThe Divide. What Happens When the Rich Get Richer - Salem-News.Com

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:26
salem-news.com (US) Cannabis News 19th Annual Global Cannabis March/Oregon Cannabis Festival 19th Annual Global Cannabis March/Oregon Cannabis Festival (Mon Mar 05 22:26:06 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(60%), $propaganda_theme5(60%), $moral_imperative(100%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $plants(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $cannabis(100%), $cannabis_festival(100%), $youth(60%), $school(100%)]
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OR: States mull and#x2018;sanctuary' status for marijuana businesses - - Capital Press

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:20
capitalpress.com (US) Some states that have legalized marijuana are considering providing so-called sanctuary status for licensed pot businesses. (Mon Mar 05 21:20:27 2018 PST)
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OR: POLICE LOGS: March 5, 2018;

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:18
lagrandeobserver.com (US) Cited: Two juveniles were cited on charges of possession of a controlled substance. (Mon Mar 05 22:18:45 2018 PST)
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OR: Legislation aims to fight opioid crisis;

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:18
lagrandeobserver.com (US) Roughly 268 out of every 1000 residents in Union County are prescribed opioids. (Mon Mar 05 22:18:45 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(100%), $addiction(60%), $propaganda_theme2(95%), $propaganda_theme3(60%), $use_is_abuse(100%), $propaganda_theme4(100%), $propaganda_theme6(65%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $drugs(90%), $prohibition_agency(100%), $chemicals(100%), $euphoric_depressant(100%), $analgesic(100%), $opioid(100%), $narcotic(100%), $opiate(100%), $various_drugs(90%), $various_illegal_drugs(100%), $police_related_news(100%), $school(100%), $aggrandizement(100%)]
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OR: POLICE LOGS: March 5, 2018;

Drug News Bot - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:18
lagrandeobserver.com (US) Cited: Two juveniles were cited on charges of possession of a controlled substance. (Mon Mar 05 22:18:45 2018 PST) [$drug_related(100%), $drugwar_propaganda(100%), $propaganda_theme2(70%), $use_is_abuse(100%), $propaganda_theme4(100%), $propaganda_theme5(80%), $propaganda_theme6(50%), $illegal_drugs(100%), $drug_law(80%), $plants(100%), $intoxicant(100%), $opioid(100%), $narcotic(100%), $cannabis(100%), $various_illegal_drugs(80%), $police_related_news(100%), $incarceration(100%), $youth(80%), $school(100%), $aggrandizement(100%)]
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OR: Lawsuit challenging U.S. pot laws is tossed;

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:17
bendbulletin.com Lawsuit challenging U.S. pot laws is tossed. Marijuana Marijuana Opioids addiction Marijuana Lawsuit challenging U.S. pot laws is tossed NEW YORK b A judge on Monday dismissed a lawsuit challenging federal laws criminalizing marijuana as unconstitutional. (Mon Mar 05 21:17:57 2018 PST)
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OR: Slide Shows

Bot - Cannabis - Mon, 03/05/2018 - 01:17
bendbulletin.com The first of about 20 green metal containers commonly referred to as amnesty boxes were installed earlier this month in response to county officials banning marijuana possession and advertising at the airport last year. (Mon Mar 05 21:17:57 2018 PST)
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